The “Industry 4.0” is following the three industrial revolutions started in 18th century in Britain by mechanization of textile industry in which many human labors were replaced by one weaving machines. The second revolution was in the beginning of the 20th century when Henry Ford mastered the car assembly production and ushered in the mass production era. The third is called “automation” and commenced in mid 19’s when the factories started to use the automation features in their product lines to increase their production and enhance their performances.
The forth revolution has already started and we could see its signs everywhere around us. When you hear the words “iCloud”, “IoT (Internet of Things” or “IIoT (Industrial IoT)”, it means that you are in the middle of this revolution. This revolution, however, is much faster and thorough compare to previous ones.
“Smart industry or “INDUSTRIE 4.0” refers to the technological evolution from embedded systems to cyber-physical systems. Put simply, INDUSTRIE 4.0 represents the coming fourth industrial revolution on the way to an Internet of Things, Data and Services. Decentralized intelligence helps create intelligent object networking and independent process management, with the interaction of the real and virtual worlds representing a crucial new aspect of the manufacturing and production process. INDUSTRIE 4.0 represents a paradigm shift from “centralized” to “decentralized” production – made possible by technological advances which constitute a reversal of conventional production process logic. Simply put, this means that industrial production machinery no longer simply “processes” the product, but that the product communicates with the machinery to tell it exactly what to do. INDUSTRIE 4.0 connects embedded system production technologies and smart production processes to pave the way to a new technological age which will radically transform industry and production value chains and business models (e.g. “smart factory”).” (Germany Trade and Invest definition)